What's used as the Ukrainian for the English word "troika", when referring to the horse drawn carriage, as opposed to the travel card or as a metaphorical gang of three?

Wiktionary says it's трі́йка, but a Ukrainian speaker says that "brichka" is used.

Wiktionary has an entry for the English word britchka, but no translation information.


Brychka is more general class of transport vehicle. Actually it is a wagon which may be carried by technicaly unimited number of horses :)

Troika (трійка) is a brychka drawn by three horses:

Троє коней, запряжених поряд в один екіпаж. // Екіпаж із запряженими в нього трьома кіньми; тройка.

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  • Which word is more frequently used? – Andrew Grimm Feb 21 '17 at 8:23
  • I can't tell you for sure. People does not talk about troika's and brychkas often. But as for me trijka has quite a colonial scent of old-russian-emperial past and brychka has a bit of flavour of bourgeoisie utopia. So the intent of speaker may influence choise of the word – chizh Feb 21 '17 at 11:49
  • Is either "old-russian-[imperial] past" or "bourgeoisie utopia" likely to offend Ukrainians? – Andrew Grimm Feb 21 '17 at 11:50
  • I don't think these words may offend anyone. Brychkas with one or two horses used to be more common in our lands. Having brychka with three horses may be considered as showing-off rather than for reasons of usefulness :) But it's my very subjective thought – chizh Feb 21 '17 at 12:05
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    @AndrewGrimm, in addition to what Chizh said, I'd prefer to say "brychka" just because it's more narrow sense. "Triyka" just means "three (as noun)" and it can mean anything: a school mark, a sort of beer, an NKVD commission, a playing card, a digit itself. While "brychka" is a specific kind of vehicle (although not necessarily with exactly three horses). – Sasha Feb 21 '17 at 12:23

Трійка means that three horses are used, while they may "drive" different types of carriage, including sleigh.

ТРІЙКА Троє коней, запряжених поряд в один екіпаж.

Бричка is a type of carriage, while it can be drawn by different number of horses.

БРИ́ЧКА, и, жін. Легкий візок для їзди, іноді з відкидним верхом.

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There is another option, though outdated

ТРОЯН Троє (коней). На друге літо — обзавівся [Максим] трояном коней (Панас Мирний, I, 1949, 238); Його примчав на мальованій таращанській бричці троян вороних коней (Михайло Стельмах, I, 1962, 319).

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