This one is a tough question.
Is there something I'm missing?
Й is a full-featured consonant, while Ь is a phonological aspect that affects the preceding consonant.
Practically, the difference is very subtle and it affects only the phonetic duration.
Furthermore, if the difference is subtle, could I still be understood ...
That with and the like at the end of the sentence is very typical of English (and some other Germanic languages), but it is absolutely un-Slavic in general and un-Ukrainian in particular. That is called "hanging prepositions", Ukrainian does not allow that and it always moves those prepositions into the middle of the sentence. If we take your example, ...
It seems that this is a closed compound word, which appears to be a neologism, authors of this show came up on the fly.
This kind of words (Ukr. — голофрастичне утворення/конструкція) is created by lexicalization of syntactic terms.
Source: Словотвірні особливості неологізмів у сучасній постмодерністській прозі
It is worth noting that any ...
TL/DR Maybe the most important rule to know: em-dash is used if Predicate is a Noun/Nominative. The rest of cases are really rare.
The verb "to be" has several essentially different meanings:
be in existence: є країна, де…, there is a country where…
be an identity (object x belongs to a class X): яблуко є фрукт or яблуко є фруктом¹, apple is a fruit
To cut a long story short: yes, it is obligatory when you address someone.
It is hard to prove that some case is as normal as any other, but in "Правопис" you'll find no notes about vocative case being optional.
As for why some people don't use it: there are a lot of native Russian-speakers in Ukraine and, unfortunately, not all of them learn Ukrainian ...
No, not always.
Що may have several functions:
A demonstrating pronoun (cf. English what)
Що ти читав учора? — "What did you read yesterday?"
Since we have free word order, the following sentence is equally valid:
Учора ти що читав? — literally, "yesterday you what read?"
This requires no comma.
A subordinating conjunction that ...
Letter Я can actually represent one or two sounds depending on its position in word and the letter it follows.
Я should be pronounced as /йа/ in the following cases:
Я is the first letter: яблуко — /йаблуко/;
Я follows vowel sound: маяк - /майак/, змія — /зм’ійа/;
Я is preceeded by apostrophe or soft sign (Ь): плем'я — /племйа/, Фольяр — /фол'йар/, альянс —...
Addressing a cashier in a shop seems to be somewhere between the official communication and the friends' talk.
So your goal is somewhere between the "formal" addressing (long but most accurate) and "rapid speak" (short but rude/sharp sometimes).
В українській мові найбільш уживаними, стилістично нейтральними висловами подяки є: дякую і ...
It is very important to distinguish between the concepts of "native language" and "language, one prefers to speak in everyday life". The other answer to the stated question, used native language percentage as the source of their claims - that's deceiving, since many people who consider a language their monther tongue don't necessarily use it in everyday life ...
As @Sasha mentioned in their comment, there's no word that is used only when addressing. Likewise in English, historically, "sir" used to mean, "owner, master, landlord". However, you no longer say, "this sir did X". The same applies to Ukrainian.
Also, one should keep in mind that the perception of bourgeoisie was spoiled ...
It depends on the context. If you want to stress it that you saw this specific house, you might use demonstrative pronouns like "цей" ("this") or "той" ("that"). In this case, you would say:
Я бачив цей / той дім. — I saw this / that house.
However, it is true that we don't use definite and indefinite articles (at ...
Good job! Your pronunciation is far, far better than anyone else's known to me.
A few words have unusual stress, but keep in mind that every live language has dialects, and stress patterns and prosody vary alot between those. What you think a mistake can be perceived a dialect. Keep moving and start communicating with native language speakers. Once you do ...
The answer is, we don't know, we can only try guessing.
In every language, colloquial communication, especially the one that uses obscene lexic and swear words, undergo a blooming word formation. Think for yourself how many years ago "what's up" has emerged, then transforming into "whazzup" and then into "sup".
The same phenomenon occurs in Ukrainian. The ...
Dictionaries, indeed, translate якраз as actually. The problem is that both якраз and actually have several different meanings that do not perfectly match:
Actually (1) = really; in fact;
I will check what you're actually doing.
A good Ukrainian equivalent for this meaning would be насправді.
Actually (2) = the truth is; surprisingly:
I thought he's ...
According to the last census (2001, data for the Kyiv city (in Ukrainian only), data for the Kyiv region (in English)) you have roughly 70% chance to be answered in Ukrainian, which is 2 out every 3 persons you talk to.
You can always maximize the probability of talking to a Ukrainian-speaking person by going to some cultural places and events, like ...
Your question is in the list of candidates for closing with reason "primarily opinion-based". I agree that it really is a such; please try rephrasing it. Still, I'll try to answer this question as is, just in order to help.
The first thing that "strikes the eye" when seeing your page is: the cases are in "wrong" order. Typical order used in schools when ...
Yes, there is a casual way to tell time in Ukrainian.
Native speakers simply omit words "година" and "хвилина". In most cases you'll be fine, if you stick to this pattern.
Based on your example for 9:45, you could just say "дев'ята сорок п'ять". Please mind the feminine gender of the word "дев'ята", as it is related to a feminine-gender ...
First off, a small correction: it has nothing to do with the orthography (I have retagged the question); the sounds alternate, and the written letters only follow the pronunciation.
The Consonant Alternation is a common phenomenon in Slavonic languages.
Particularly, Ukrainian has numerous cases of Alternation.
Namely, /t/ ←→ /t͡ʃ/ alternation has been ...
is there an online list of Ukrainian abbreviations where I could have found this?
For example: http://abbrs.info/
Chuzhynoiu: kn. VII describes an edition of a book by Oleksandr Oles'.
What does kn. mean?
It means knyha (book):
Затверджені правила скорочень українських імен мені невідомі. Особливо щодо скорочень латиницею, адже це досить нова тенденція.
Спроби згадати варіації імен на Полтавщині наштовхнули на думку, що українці не схильні до скорочування імен. Навпаки, зменшено-пестливі форми утворюються за допомогою відповідних суфіксів. Скорочення дуже схожі на копіювання ...
Well, first thing that I want to say:
Ь does not have a sound (but instead "softens" the previous consonant)
is simply wrong from international point of view. It looks like true from point of view of Ukrainian (and Russian, and some other) linguistics — because every hearing is individual, different humans have different perception of sound shades and ...
Допомагати is an imperfective verb (aspect), and допомогти is a perfective verb (aspect). These are typical variations of verbs in Slavic languages, more in English here.
Imperfective verbs convey:
actions and states in progress, just ongoing states and actions, with significant course (in opinion of the speaker);
actions that serve as a background for ...
The edited question seems to be more clear, so let me suggest another translation:
The literal one-to-one translation does not work every time, especially if it is about a pair of distant languages.
In English phrase, "gaming series", the "gaming" is an Adjective, but its role is much more than describing a noun "series&...
There's another case when the comma before "що" is not needed: when you're using conjunction "так що". It means "so".
Compare theese two examples:
Пішов дощ, так що ми не могли залишатись на вулиці.
It started to rain, so we could not stay outdoors.
Пішов дощ так, що ми не могли залишатись на вулиці.
"Так" was used here, which means "in that way", but the ...
There's two possible ways to address not a strange older person in Ukrainian:
By saying "пані / пан [name]" (name in a vocative case) (most of the cases of non-formal communication).
Example: - Пані Ірино, як просувається ваша нова стаття?
By saying " [name] [patronym]2 " in a vocative case (some (more and more rare) cases for people who are more older ...
An equivalent for
I no speak the English very good.
Моя не говорити український дуже добре.
Compare it with a correct version:
Я не дуже добре говорю українською [по-українськи].
1) usage of моя (mine) instead of я (I).
2) usage of infinitive form of говорити (to speak) instead of Present tense form говорю (speak).
What the book seems to be saying, is that Я can mean different pronunciations - softening the preceding consonant, plus A, or a ja. It does not imply that Ь and Й are identical or similar.
As an example, consider that since the Ь can occur at the end of the word, or between consonants, you simply cannot pronounce it the same as Й. As in: пень cannot be ...
As for English speaker IPA for English might be helpful:
і: [i] кіт, key
и: [ɪ] миша, six
й (at the end of the word and before consonants): [i̯] гай, найшов, йти: coin
I'm not sure about last one: at least I pronounce "i" in coin totally differently.
You can just try to pronounce "й" at the end of word a little bit longer and more vowel-like ...
This isn't a "real" word. There is an ongoing meme in this show where they come up with adjectives for video pieces by constructing such ridiculous words. First it started with them using normal words (especially "Страшне!") and then the meme developed. In your case, it means that the next video piece will be about "biting off heads ...
The main difference between the endings -ий and -ій is not the vowel, but the quality of the consonant before those endings.
Before -ий the consonant is not palatalized:
великий [vɛ'lɪkɪj], малий [ma'lɪj], чорний ['tʂ͡ɔrnɪj]
Before -ій the consonant is palatalized, it is always [nʲ]:
синій ['sɪnʲij], майбутній [maj'butʲnʲij]