Is there a phrase in Ukrainian that has a similar meaning?
Google Translate gives me following: Ти маєш рацію and Ти правий
Is there any difference between them? Which one is preferable? Any alternatives?
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Ти правий literally means "you are правий". Правий, according to the academic explanatory “Dictionary of the Ukrainian language” in 11 volumes (a.k.a. СУМ-11), has the following meanings:
So, ignoring all rare and non-applicable meanings, ти правий means "you are right/correct", "you are just/fair-minded/even-handed" or "you have no guilt". While some linguists say that the last two meanings are preferred, still it's widely used as "you are right/correct".
Ти маєш рацію literally means "you have рація". Рація, according to the same dictionary, has the following meanings:
Therefore, ignoring obsolete meanings, ти маєш рацію can mean "you're right [your thoughts/actions are correct/rational]" or "you have a hand-held transceiver (walkie-talkie)".
Another variants are: